Subjective well-being, reference groups and relative standing in post-apartheid South Africa

2017-12-19 11:15:46 Viewed: 464 Downloads: 96
  • Subjective well-being, reference groups and relative standing in post-apartheid South Africa

      Marisa von Fintel

     Publisher:

    Pub: 2017-12-19 11:15:46

    Email it to me(Requires login) Download this PDF file
  • Previous studies on the determinants of subjective well-being concur on the
    importance of relative income, i.e., the fact that individuals’ subjective well-being
    is dependent on how well they are doing in relation to their reference group.
    Using south African data from 1993, Kingdon and Knight (2006, 2007) found
    that in apartheid south Africa, reference groups were mostly divided along
    racial lines, i.e., individuals’ relative income within their specific race group
    was significantly correlated with their subjective well-being. In this article, the
    methodology of Kingdon and Knight is repeated using data from the first wave
    of the national Income Dynamics study (2008), in order to explore whether
    these reference groups have shifted in post-apartheid South Africa. The findings
    suggest that race-specific relative income is no longer significantly correlated
    with subjective well-being for the south African population as a whole, but rather
    that perceived relative income within the country matters as a significant predictor
    of subjective well-being. these results seem to be in line with the hypothesis of
    reference groups shifting away from a racial delineation to a more inclusive one,
    subsequent to the racial integration which took place after 1994. However, for
    a sub-population within south Africa, namely those below the poverty line (who
    are mostly black), a race-specific reference group remains relevant. The article
    provides potential reasons for why this is the case.

    Email it to me(Requires login) Download this PDF file
  • Email it to me(Requires login) Download this PDF file

  • References are not ready for this file yet, please refer to reference from the PDF file

  • Keywords

    Happiness, poverty, reference groups, south Africa, subjective well-being


Other Informations

Top