Informal-formal linkages in market and street trading in Accra

2017-12-19 09:24:50 Viewed: 534 Downloads: 108
  • Informal-formal linkages in market and street trading in Accra

      Nana Akua Anyidoho and William F. Steel

     Publisher: 171

    Pub: 2017-12-19 09:24:50

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  • This paper investigates the ways in which linkages between the informal and
    formal segments of an economy may yield benefits to or impose costs upon
    informal workers, based on views of informal traders in Accra regarding their
    relationships with the formal economy and its institutions. The data are drawn
    from the Informal Economy Monitoring Study(IEMS), with a World Bank study
    of informal household enterprises providing context for the IEMS-Ghana study
    and a basis for interpretation of its findings. Data from 15 focus groups and
    a survey of 150 traders from both central and non-central locations of Accra,
    Ghana, are analysed in terms of traders’ relationship to the value chain, non-government institutions, government and the macroeconomy. The last two are
    found to exert a strong, mostly negative influence on informal operators, offset
    to some extent by support from member-based organizations and non-governmental organisations (NGOs). Access to loans from microfinance institutions
    was an important influence on traders’ work and was viewed both positively
    and negatively. Although there are few visible direct linkages between informal
    operators and formal firms, they are to some extent mutually interdependent
    as retailers and suppliers in the value chain. Taking advantage of the potential
    synergy in informal-formal linkages will require government and other actors to
    become more proactive in facilitating, rather than denying, infrastructure, support services and adequate space for informal traders. The probability of such
    an outcome depends on the ability of informal traders to organise themselves.

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  • Keywords

    Informal economy, Informal-formal linkages, Market traders, Street vendors, Ghana


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